Four Romances of England: King Horn, Havelok the Dane, Bevis of Hampton, and Athelston
The French epic arrived in England early on. Some historians believe that Chanson de Roland was sung at the Battle of Hastings. We have evidence of “chansons de geste” from the period, which serves even today. The chanson de geste, Old French for “song of heroic deeds,” are medieval narratives, a type of epic poem that appears at the dawn of French literature. Although they are considered “English” literature, many of the earliest manuscripts were written in French.
The Romance of Horn rose during the Anglo-Norman period. “Romance of Horn is an Anglo-Norman literature romans d’aventure (“adventure story”) tale written around 1170 by an author apparently named ‘Thomas.’
“The hero, named Horn, is the son of the king Aälof of Suddene (probably somewhere near Devon). Horn is orphaned after the Saracens kill his…
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